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Scientific Results
06/09/2021
A scientific group of the Institute for Physical Research of NAS RA has registered a significant result on the first manifestation of Rabi oscillations in the optical range in atomic medium

The scientific group of the Institute for Physical Research of NAS, headed by Aram Papoyan, a corresponding member of NAS RA, has obtained a significant  scientific result that allows to describe more accurately the light-atom resonance interaction. In practical terms, this result can be used to determine the degree of coherence and monochromaticity of continuous-wave laser radiation.

In a laser light field, an atom periodically absorbs and emits photons, passing from one state to another (so-called "Rabi oscillations"). In an atomic media (in gas, where the number of atoms is millions), Rabi oscillations can be recorded at the moment of abrupt switching-on of the laser field, after which they gradually fade, and a stable state is formed ("steady-state" interaction regime). At present this mode has been studied in detail and serves a basis for various valuable applications.

"The performed experiment is extremely simple at first sight: laser radiation passes through the rubidium atomic vapor, and the transmitted light is recorded by a photoreceiver. A low-speed photodetector is traditionally used to record steady-state processes, resulting in a time-invariant recorded signal. For the first time, aiming to solve the problem, we have used a high-speed and sensitive photoreceptor which is capable of detecting signal changes in an ultra-short time scale (<10-9 seconds). Instead of an unchanging signal, abrupt oscillations of the signal, which at first sight seem to be random, were immediately registered. The analysis of the oscillating signal with the "fast Fourier transform" processing has shown that the average frequency of the oscillations is consistent with the Rabi frequency corresponding to the given intensity of the laser.

The result seems to be surprising as we are dealing with continuous laser light. Here comes a question: to what extent of continuity is the radiation that is considered to be "continuous"? In fact, any laser is imperfect, its radiation is subject to phase discontinuities, as a result of which the monochromaticity is disrupted to some extent. It was confirmed in the experiment. We have used two different lasers, and the signal oscillations were larger in the case of a laser with a larger spectral width. In other words, "it is possible to describe the "quality" of laser radiation in a simple experimental way"", said Aram Papoyan.

Directly recorded rubidium vapor resonant release signal (a) and corresponding fast Fourier transform spectrum (b). Red curves are average signals. The picture is taken from the article: A.Papoyan, S.Shmavonyan, "Signature of optical rabbi oscillations in transmission signal of atomic vapor under continuous-wave laser excitation", Optics Communications, v.482, 126561 (2021).


 

The initial result was obtained by Aram Papoyan and Svetlana Shmavonyan, a Senior Researcher at the Institute for Physical Research of  NAS RA. In 2021, research was carried оut to study the phenomenon in ultra-narrow optical cells. Armen Sargsyan, a young researcher at the Institute for Physical Research of NAS RA and Rodolphe Momier, a student at the University of Burgundy Franche-Comté in France, studying at the Institute under the internship program, were involved in the research. The experiments will be continued during the French student's next visit to Armenia, by that time in the status of a joint postgraduate student.

The result of the research was published in 2021 in the authoritative international journal "Optics Communications" (impact factor - 2.125).

To date, positive feedback has been received on this scientific result from authoritative experts in the field: I. Novikova (USA), Ch. Adams (Great Britain), D. Budker (Germany), A. Akulshin (Australia), M. Auzinsh (Latvia).   

The research was carried out within the framework of the project 18T-1C234 "Control of atomic populations in alkali metal vapors in a non-stationary resonant interaction regime" (2018-2020) under thematic funding of the Committee of Science of the Ministry of Education, Science, Culture and Sports of the Republic of Armenia.


Notices








On the 21st of February, 2024, The Institute of Language named after H. Acharyan of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia invites you to participate in the international conference "Current Problems of Studying and Teaching the Armenian Language". The conference will take place at the Institute of Language

Ս.թ. փետրվարի 23-ին ժ. 15:00-ին ՀՀ ԳԱԱ նիստերի դահլիճում (Բաղրամյան պող., 24) տեղի կունենա «Չընդհատված ծածկագիր. հայեր» գիտական ֆիլմի ցուցադրությունը և քննարկումը

The Shirak Center for Armenological Studies of NAS RA is starting to publish the 1 (27) volume of the "Scientific Works" journal for 2024. Priority is given to articles in English and Russian. The deadline for receiving articles is March 1, 2024

Международный инновационный центр нанотехнологий СНГ (МИЦНТ СНГ) при поддержке Межгосударственного фонда гуманитарного сотрудничества государств - участников СНГ (МФГС) и Объединенного института ядерных исследований объявляет о проведении конкурса на соискание грантов на разработку проектов в рамках деятельности МИЦНТ СНГ в 2024 году и очередной Стажировки молодых ученых и специалистов стран СНГ в Дубне в апреле - мае 2024года

The international conference "Armenia as a Civilizational Crossroad: Historical and Cultural Ties" is scheduled to take place from March 28 to 30, 2024, organized by the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia and Yerevan State University

ՀՀ գիտության և տեխնիկայի զարգացման 2020-2024թթ. գերակայության ՀՀ կառավարության որոշման նախագիծ

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